A noise gate allows a signal above a certain selected threshold to pass through.
Noise gates are usually used in the following situations:
- Reduce background noise in a recording, such as the hum of an air conditioning unit
- Help eliminate leakage between instruments in a live recording environment
There is no benefit in gating sampled drums and instruments, as there is usually no noise or leakage between other instruments present.
Many digital reverb units allow the reverb to be gated.
Noise Gate Controls
The threshold sets the level at which the gate opens and closes.
The attack determines how quickly the gate opens. Measured in milliseconds
The release determines how quickly the gate closes. Measured in milliseconds
The hold control determines how long the gate is kept open for after the signal falls below the threshold level, and helps to ensure that a decayed proportion of a sound is not cut off.
The range control turns a signal down that is under the threshold instead of muting it completely.